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Avery Research Center Artifact Collection

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1.
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Slave-made chair
Slave-made chair Chair made by slaves from Ridgley Plantation near Florence, South Carolina. The chair is made with mortise and tenon joints reinforced with square nails. The seat is of animal skin. Evidence that the legs of the chair have been shortened indicates that it was a slave's chair. Slaves were not permitted to sit higher than the master or his children.
2.
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Slave auctioneer's token
Slave auctioneer's token Slave auctioneer's token, 1846. These tokens were distributed as one-cent pieces and served as advertisements for the businesses and services depicted on the coins.
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Currency
Currency Two dollar bill issued by the Bank of South Carolina, payable on demand at their office in Charleston.
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Border tiles
Border tiles Salt-glazed border tiles made from kiln-fired red clay, used to line walkways and gardens. Made by slave labor on a plantation near Hickory Hill, South Carolina. Four tiles exist in the collection, two of each shown here.
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Confederate greenback
Confederate greenback Five dollar Confederate greenback issued on February 17, 1864 and redeemable two years after the ratification of a treaty of peace between the Confederate States of America and the United States of America. Printed by Evans & Cogswell in Charleston, South Carolina and engraved by Keatinge & Ball of Columbia, South Carolina.
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Confederate greenback
Confederate greenback Ten dollar Confederate greenback issued on February 17, 1864 and redeemable two years after the ratification of a treaty of peace between the Confederate States of America and the United States of America. Printed by Evans & Cogswell in Charleston, South Carolina and engraved by Keatinge & Ball of Columbia, South Carolina.
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Currency
Currency Five dollar bill issued by the Farmers & Exchange Bank of Charleston and dated September 28, 1853. Bill depicts an African American tending to a wagon pulled by oxen. Engraved by Toppan, Carpenter, Kasilear & Company, Philadelphia and New York.
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Slave badge
Slave badge Pewter slave badge produced for a servant in Charleston, S.C. It was common to counterfeit badges to avoid paying taxes, and this particular one was not issued by the city, but created in the stamped year. The face is stamped "Charleston 1862 Servant #4." Back side contains no markings.
9.
Grub ax
Grub ax A multipurpose ax that was used for digging, clearing and breaking ground. According to Mrs. Gold, it was used in Mount Pleasant before saws and machines were available to clear land to plant crops. The long side was used for hewing trees or bushes and the short side for cutting tree roots.
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Currency
Currency One dollar bill issued by the Bank of South Carolina, payable on demand at their office in Charleston.
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Mortar and pestle
Mortar and pestle Iron mortar and pestle from Lincolnville, South Carolina. According to Mrs. Gold, a local store owner grew the peanuts, shucked them, and made peanut butter with this mortar and pestle to sell in his store.
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge, square in shape. Face is stamped "Charleston No. 136 Mechanic 1833."
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge, square in shape. Face is stamped "Charleston 1840 Servant 1869." 1840 is the year produced and 1869 signifies that it was the 1,869th "servant" badge sold that year.
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge, square in shape. Face is stamped "Charleston 1847 Servant 1004."
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge, square in shape, reading "Charleston 1845 Servant 1165."
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge, square in shape, reading "Charleston 1851 Mechanic 74."
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge imprinted "Charleston No. 261 Fruiterer 1812." The badge is a contemporary counterfeit -- "Fruiterer" is not a known occupation to be printed upon slave badges.
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Slave badge
Slave badge Copper slave badge, square in shape, reading "Charleston 20 Servant 1823." Under the date, a stamp reads "LAFA," signifying the maker, John Joseph Lafar.
19.
Oil painting
Oil painting Untitled oil painting depicting a sailing vessel led by a tugboat. A buoy appears in the forefront and a city is visible in the background. Back of framed image reads "To our Friends The Sanfords; Xmas 1927; Elise and Teddy Harleston."
20.
Portrait of Thomas Miller
Portrait of Thomas Miller Framed oil portrait of Thomas Miller, African American lawyer, politician, and educator who was a South Carolina legislator, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and first President of South Carolina State College (formerly the Colored Normal Industrial Agricultural and Mechanical College of South Carolina).