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Subject
Liver Diseases -- Path... (26)
Pathology (26)
Liver (26)

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Musc Department of Pat... (26)

Date
1900-1999 (25)
20th C (1)

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The Gordon R. Hennigar Pathology Museum Collection

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1.
Liver: Alcoholic Cirrhosis
Liver: Alcoholic Cirrhosis Portal cirrhosis; fatty degeneration. COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
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Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis Laennec's cirrhosis (severe). COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
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Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis Laennec's cirrhosis. COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
4.
Liver: Alcoholic Cirrhosis
Liver: Alcoholic Cirrhosis Alcoholic cirrhosis . COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
5.
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Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis Laennec's cirrhosis. COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
6.
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Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis Laennec's cirrhosis. COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
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Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis Laennec's cirrhosis . COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
8.
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Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Laennec's Cirrhosis Laennec's cirrhosis and fatty liver. COMMENT: Specimens 13-22 are all examples of cirrhosis associated with alcoholism (Laennec's, portal, nutritional, alcoholic)--note that the specimens have a micronodular pattern in general with a generally uniform appearance to the nodules; however, note that some of the livers have nodules of up to about 1 cm. (see note below) and that there may be some variability in nodule size within one specimen. Intervening parenchyma is composed of fibrous septae. Also note that the remaining nodular liver parenchyma is quite pale or yellow = fatty change associated with continued alcohol abuse. Picture corresponding microscopic picture in your mind's eye of fatty change and cirrhosis (remember the definition of cirrhosis). Specimen #22 indicates that microscopically there is necrosis of hepatocytes with an inflammatory response = this is not evident grossly in this specimen. In this series, the small firm livers are good examples of end stage nutritional or alcoholic cirrhosis. NOTE: Although Robbins says that micronodular cirrhosis has nodules of up to 1 cm. in diameter, Dr. Hennigar's measurement of 3mm. and below is more characteristic.
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Liver: Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Laennec's Cirrhosis
Liver: Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Laennec's Cirrhosis Hepatocellular carcinoma in Laennec's cirrhosis. COMMENT: Although more likely to occur in postnecrotic cirrhosis, can see this in Laennec's cirrhosis (mass in upper right = tumor)
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Liver: Biliary Cirrhosis
Liver: Biliary Cirrhosis Biliary cirrhosis secondary to common bile duct atresia. COMMENT: (#36-#37): Biliary cirrhosis--two examples--of the secondary type, i.e., secondary to atresia (or obstruction) of extrahepatic or intrahepatic bile ducts. Both are examples of micronodular cirrhosis. In the first, ectasia of intrahepatic bile ducts can be appreciated. In the second, appreciate the blood-filled submucosal esophageal varices and the enormous spleen with focal subcapsular infarcts (at top) (compare size of spleen with esophagus to appreciate the splenomegaly).
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Liver: Cardiac Cirrhosis
Liver: Cardiac Cirrhosis Cardiac cirrhosis. COMMENT: You would expect a centrilobular necrosis and fibrosis in cirrhosis resulting from right-sided heart failure. A resulting fine cirrhosis is present usually as in most of this specimen; however, there are a few areas of broader scars in the center of the specimen.
12.
Liver: Hepatic Necrosis with Early Postnecrotic Cirrhosis
Liver: Hepatic Necrosis with Early Postnecrotic Cirrhosis Submassive hepatic necrosis with early postnecrotic cirrhosis. Comment: Nodular lesions represent attempt at regeneration. COMMENT ON SPECIMENS (#25-29): These illustrate the range of changes seen in autopsy livers from patients dying from viral hepatitis (liver disease or complications therefrom): #25=a liver that is bile stained and shows dark areas of necrosis but is not as massively necrotic as #26 and #27 (these two livers probably less than 800-900 gms) and although these two do not now show the usual maroon appearance, there has been a marked loss of hepatocytes. #28 and #29 show pale nodular areas interspersed in liver parenchyma which histologically demonstrates, besides necrosis, scarring or cirrhosis (#28 less, #29 more scarring). The nodular areas actually represent attempts at regeneration of hepatocytes.
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Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis
Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis Post-necrotic cirrhosis; 20 years carbon tetrachloride exposure. COMMENT: Faint fairly large nodules can be appreciated here; there is relatively little fibrosis appreciated grossly. COMMENT: Specimens (#30-33) all illustrate, whatever the etiology may be, more coarsely nodular (macronodular) livers that usually seen with alcoholic or nutritional cirrhosis, with many of the nodules greater than 1 cm. Broad scars and irregular sized nodules are characteristic.
14.
Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis
Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis Post-necrotic cirrhosis with portal vein thrombosis. COMMENT: Specimens (#30-33) all illustrate, whatever the etiology may be, more coarsely nodular (macronodular) livers that usually seen with alcoholic or nutritional cirrhosis, with many of the nodules greater than 1 cm. Broad scars and irregular sized nodules are characteristic.
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Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis--Hepatic B Viruses
Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis--Hepatic B Viruses Post-necrotic cirrhosis--Hepatic B viruses. COMMENT ON SPECIMENS (#25-29): These illustrate the range of changes seen in autopsy livers from patients dying from viral hepatitis (liver disease or complications therefrom): #25=a liver that is bile stained and shows dark areas of necrosis but is not as massively necrotic as #26 and #27 (these two livers probably less than 800-900 gms) and although these two do not now show the usual maroon appearance, there has been a marked loss of hepatocytes. #28 and #29 show pale nodular areas interspersed in liver parenchyma which histologically demonstrates, besides necrosis, scarring or cirrhosis (#28 less, #29 more scarring). The nodular areas actually represent attempts at regeneration of hepatocytes.
16.
Liver: Biliary Atresia
Liver: Biliary Atresia Biliary atresia in 3 y.o. with biliary cirrhosis, esophageal varices and congested spleen. COMMENT: (#36-#37): Biliary cirrhosis--two examples--of the secondary type, i.e., secondary to atresia (or obstruction) of extrahepatic or intrahepatic bile ducts. Both are examples of micronodular cirrhosis. In the first, ectasia of intrahepatic bile ducts can be appreciated. In the second, appreciate the blood-filled submucosal esophageal varices and the enormous spleen with focal subcapsular infarcts (at top) (compare size of spleen with esophagus to appreciate the splenomegaly).
17.
Liver: Cirrhosis
Liver: Cirrhosis Finely and coarsely nodular cirrhosis of liver (mucoviscidosis sequelae). COMMENT (#40-#41): Although a finely nodular biliary cirrhosis is described, one can also see a coarsely nodular (macronodular) pattern in the livers of longstanding cystic fibrosis
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Liver: Cirrhosis of Liver in Cystic Fibrosis
Liver: Cirrhosis of Liver in Cystic Fibrosis Cirrhosis of liver in cystic fibrosis. COMMENT (#40-#41): Although a finely nodular biliary cirrhosis is described, one can also see a coarsely nodular (macronodular) pattern in the livers of longstanding cystic fibrosis.
19.
Liver: Thorotrast Cirrhosis
Liver: Thorotrast Cirrhosis Thorotrast cirrhosis; hemangioendothelial sarcoma. COMMENT: Tumor nodules throughout-black or dark appearance in part due to thorotrast (No number)
20.
Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis
Liver: Post-Necrotic Cirrhosis Post-necrotic cirrhosis