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MUSC Department of Public Health Sciences Working Papers

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Bayesian Point Event Modeling in Spatial and Environmental Epidemiology: a review
Bayesian Point Event Modeling in Spatial and Environmental Epidemiology: a review Abstract: This paper reviews the current state of point event modeling in spatial epidemiology from a Bayesian perspective. Point event (or case event) data arise when geo-coded addresses of disease events are available. Often this level of spatial resolution would not be accessible due to medical confidentiality constraints. However, for the examination of small spatial scales it is important to be capable of examining point process data directly. Models for such data are usually formulated based on point process theory. In addition, special conditioning arguments can lead to simpler Bernoulli likelihoods and logistic spatial models. Goodness-of-fit diagnostics and Bayesian residuals are also considered. Applications within putative health hazard risk assessment, cluster detection, and linkage to environmental risk fields (misalignment) are considered.