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Heyward and Ferguson Family Papers, 1806-1923

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261.
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253. Letter to James Heyward from J.H. Trapier -- August 18, 1865
253. Letter to James Heyward from J.H. Trapier -- August 18, 1865 Letter to James Heyward from J.H. Trapier concerning ideas about crops and livestock for their various properties. Trapier suggests giving the newly freed laborers a stake in the crops grown, noting that he got the idea from a book on "European Agriculture" and that the practice had worked well in Germany. He mentions the difference in labor required for field crops versus the "special cultivation" skills needed for rice propagation. Finally, he asks James for a copy of a blank "Petition for pardon" claiming the hand crafted one he had sent earlier might be rejected because of his refusal "to surrender my ideas in reference to State Sovereignty." 4p.
262.
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254. Memorandum between Thomas B. Ferguson and William McBurney -- August 23, 1865
254. Memorandum between Thomas B. Ferguson and William McBurney -- August 23, 1865 Memorandum between Thomas B. Ferguson, William McBurney, John J. Darcy, Michael Darcy, and John O'Mara to repair the engine and boiler of the rice mill at Dean Hall Plantation. 5p.
263.
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255. Receipt for cotton sold by James B. Heyward -- September 10, 1865
255. Receipt for cotton sold by James B. Heyward -- September 10, 1865 Receipt for upland cotton sold by James B. Heyward to Barnwell and Ravenel, Charleston. 2p.
264.
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256. Request to T.B. Ferguson from John J. Darcy -- September 18, 1865
256. Request to T.B. Ferguson from John J. Darcy -- September 18, 1865 Written request to T.B. Ferguson from John J. Darcy for payment to James Soughen, with confirmation from Soughen of payment received. 2p.
265.
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257. Letter of authority granted to Thomas B. Ferguson -- October 21, 1865
257. Letter of authority granted to Thomas B. Ferguson -- October 21, 1865 Letter granting Thomas B. Ferguson full authority to manage Dean Hall Plantation. 2p.
266.
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258. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- October 21, 1865
258. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- October 21, 1865 Letter from William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson acknowledging that he is granted authority to act in the stead of McBurney and William Whaley on all matters pertaining to Dean Hall Plantation and mentions a controversy over logging that was occurring there. He also mentions that Whaley has had his Edisto property restored to him and wants all his "people to be ready to move." 2p.
267.
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259. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- October 23, 1865
259. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- October 23, 1865 Letter from William McBurney affirming Thomas B. Ferguson's authority to manage Dean Hall Plantation. He encourages Ferguson to show patience "in dealing with the negroes" and fears that any other treatment "may cause the buildings to be laid in ashes, as was the case in my late brothers place." He informs Ferguson that "Mr. Whaleys negroes have the right to remain on the place until January if he does not remove them before, or they do not remove of their own accord." 2p.
268.
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260. William Whaley to William McBurney -- October 25, 1865
260. William Whaley to William McBurney -- October 25, 1865 Letter from William Whaley to William McBurney instructing him that "the negroes planting at Dean Hall" should repair a broken floodgate and permitting the manager (Thomas Ferguson) to use his former slaves, "such of mine as are [still] on the plantation," to assist. 2p.
269.
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261. Williams Middleton to James B. Heyward -- October 28, 1865
261. Williams Middleton to James B. Heyward -- October 28, 1865 Offer from Williams Middleton to rent his Charleston house to James B. Heyward. Middleton writes that "although still in the hands of the Yankee officials I am in daily expectation of having it restored to me." 1p.
270.
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262. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- November 19, 1865
262. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- November 19, 1865 Letter from William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson informing him that he is sending "8 Irishmen" to Dean Hall Plantation "with six spades and three long handled shovels." 4p.
271.
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263. F.M. Montell to Lt. James Hann -- November 21, 1865
263. F.M. Montell to Lt. James Hann -- November 21, 1865 Letter from Freedmen's Bureau agent F.M. Montell to Lt. James Hann concerning the former slaves still residing at Dean Hall Plantation. Montell writes that Thomas Ferguson wants the freedmen removed "as they have no rights to reside on the plantation after the division of their crops" and that he doesn't want "to have the bad example of idle men" influencing his future hires. Montell also writes of several cases of small pox on the plantation and asks the lieutenant for military help to resolve the situation and provide the "care and attention which the Freedmens Bureau have not the means of affording them." 2p.
272.
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264. Receipt from Thomas B. Ferguson to Edmund Perry -- December 7, 1865
264. Receipt from Thomas B. Ferguson to Edmund Perry -- December 7, 1865 Receipt of payment from Thomas B. Ferguson concerning repair work at Dean Hall Plantation. 1p.
273.
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265. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- December 8, 1865
265. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- December 8, 1865 Letter from William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson concerning negotiations to hire hands for Dean Hall Plantation. 4p.
274.
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266. Thomas Ferguson requesting payment from Dugue B. Ferguson -- December 9, 1865
266. Thomas Ferguson requesting payment from Dugue B. Ferguson -- December 9, 1865 Note from Thomas Ferguson requesting payment to Edmund Perry from Dugue B. Ferguson with the receipt of payment acknowledged. 2p.
275.
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267. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- December 13, 1865
267. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- December 13, 1865 Letter from William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson repeating the contractual terms for the hired hands McBurney is sending to Dean Hall Plantation 4p.
276.
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268. F.M. Montell to Capt. Hodges -- December 19, 1865
268. F.M. Montell to Capt. Hodges -- December 19, 1865 Update from F.M. Montell of the Freedmen's Bureau to Capt. Hodges concerning the removal of former slaves still residing at Dean Hall Plantation. 2p.
277.
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269. Receipt from Cameron & Barkley, merchants, to Thomas B. Ferguson -- December 23, 1865
269. Receipt from Cameron & Barkley, merchants, to Thomas B. Ferguson -- December 23, 1865 Sales receipt for a stove and oil cup from Cameron & Barkley to Thomas B. Ferguson. 1p.
278.
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270. Capt. H. S. Hawkins to Asst. Adjutant General -- January 5, 1866
270. Capt. H. S. Hawkins to Asst. Adjutant General -- January 5, 1866 Letter from Capt. H. S. Hawkins to the Asst. Adjutant General of the Military District of Charleston regarding the freedmen at Thomas B. Ferguson's Dockon Plantation. Capt. Hawkins writes that Ferguson had come to Dockon to inquire if the freedmen living there would contract to work the plantation and the freedmen replied, according to Hawkins, that they "would not work for any rebel son-of-a-bitch." Since the time for the freedmen to legally reside there has elapsed and the Freedmen's Bureau has sanctioned their removal, Ferguson wants them evicted and Capt. Hawkins, in his letter, is requesting explicit authority to "put off the objectionable negroes by force." 2p.
279.
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271. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- February 1, 1866
271. William McBurney to Thomas B. Ferguson -- February 1, 1866 Letter from William McBurney in Charleston to Thomas B. Ferguson at Dean Hall Plantation concerning the hiring of freedmen. McBurney writes that after a survey of other Cooper River plantation owners he finds that most are offering a share of the crop instead of monthly pay "whether from a want of ability to pay wages or because they believed an interest in the crop would secure a more steady course of labor and prevent stealage." McBurney informs Ferguson that he has written up a contract and submitted it to General Scott at the Freedmen's Bureau for acceptance. He fears the general will alter his submitted contract in favor of the former slaves and writes that officials in the bureau think the "freedman and the white northern laborer" are the same. 2p.
280.
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272. Agreement between Thomas B. Ferguson and Freedmen -- February 20, 1866
272. Agreement between Thomas B. Ferguson and Freedmen -- February 20, 1866 Lengthy contractual agreement between Thomas B. Ferguson and the freedmen and women workers at Dean Hall Plantation. The contract, approved by the Freedmen's Bureau, outlines the conditions of employment for the freedmen including, "comfortable quarters" and one acre of land, monetary penalties for unexcused absences, ten hour work days, and rules concerning tools, work animals and plantation upkeep. One term in the contract, crossed out, specified that the freedmen were to receive one-half of the entire crop though it was amended later to one-third. 4p.
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